Euclidean Zoning - Historic Documents
Euclidean Zoning is a type of zoning named for the Village of Euclid where zoning was upheld in 1926 as a legitimate governmental power under the police powers of government. The 1922 zoning ordinance of the Village of Euclid was challenged in court on the basis that restricting the use of property violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution. Though initially ruled unconstitutional by lower courts, the zoning ordinance was upheld by the U.S. Supreme Court in Village of Euclid v. Ambler Realty Co. (1926). In this way, Euclidean Zoning set forth a legal precedent on regulating the use of land in the United States. Euclidian zoning codes are based on the earliest comprehensive ordinances and the Standard State Zoning Enabling Act (1922). They are characterized by establishing and regulating land based on use.
1927 Zoning Ord .pdf - similar to the 1922 Ordinance